Server Rendering

Server rendering is a bit different than in a client because you'll want to:

  • Send 500 responses for errors
  • Send 30x responses for redirects
  • Fetch data before rendering (and use the router to help you do it)

To facilitate these needs, you drop one level lower than the <Router> API with:

  • match to match the routes to a location without rendering
  • RoutingContext for synchronous rendering of route components

It looks something like this with an imaginary JavaScript server:

import { renderToString } from 'react-dom/server'
import { match, RoutingContext } from 'react-router'
import routes from './routes'

serve((req, res) => {
  // Note that req.url here should be the full URL path from
  // the original request, including the query string.
  match({ routes, location: req.url }, (error, redirectLocation, renderProps) => {
    if (error) {
    } else if (redirectLocation) {
      res.redirect(302, redirectLocation.pathname +
    } else if (renderProps) {
      res.status(200).send(renderToString(<RoutingContext {...renderProps} />))
    } else {
      res.status(404).send('Not found')

For data loading, you can use the renderProps argument to build whatever convention you want--like adding static load methods to your route components, or putting data loading functions on the routes--it's up to you.